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About The Dusky-billed Parrotlet

The dusky-billed parrotlet is a small species of parrot that is also know as Sclater's parrot. It is among the smaller species of parrot in the world. The average member of this species is around 12.5 centimeters in height (around 4.8 inches) and weighs between 30 and 35 grams (or around 1 to 1.2 ounces). These parrots have a vivid plumage with a heavy focus on bright green shades, with darker feathers on the wings while the feathers of the head and chest are almost yellow with a tinge of green. Streaks of blue can be found on the edge of the bird's wings, making them a colorful sight. Though similar to other parrotlets in many ways, this particular species has a fairly dark upper mandible, which is a fairly distinctive species trait for the average parrotlet in the environment these birds live in. A member of the Psittacidae bird family, it is most widely known under the bionomial name of forpus modestus, though it does have other synonyms.

A fairly common parrot all told, it occupies a place of Least Concern on the IUCN's Red List, meaning that it is fairly common despite the past two hundred years of deforestation and other human activities that have spread across its habitant. It lives in the Northern reaches of the Amazon Rainforest where it is a fairly common sight, though it stretches as far east as the Amazonian foothills and even up towards the Andes Mountains, though there is some evidence that human activities are leading to the species' decline on the far fringes of its natural range. It is also found at the Amazon River outlet, as well as Marajo Island, the second largest island in South America where it is quite abundant. It is also found in locations such as Southeast Columbia, Eastern Peru and Northern Bolivia.

In the wild, the species subsists on a varied diet of the berries, buds, seeds and blossoms that fill its Amazonian habitat. Mostly living in the clearings of lowland tropical rainforests, as well as the edges of these forests and riparian growth, it has also been found living in less heavily forested areas such as the savannas that mark the border between the Amazon Rainforest and the Andes Mountains. The dusky-billed parrotlet is found in massive flocks of individual birds, starting at around 100 birds and oftentimes growing to even larger numbers. The exception is during the species' breeding season which takes place around the month of July when these birds mate.

These birds are very rarely kept as pets and little is known of their ability to survive human aviculture. In the United States it is virtually unknown as a pet, though it is seen somewhat more often as a pet in Europe. Their needs as a pet call for considerable efforts on the part of owners, among them overhead misters or shallow bowls of water so the birds can bathe themselves. If one truly wishes to keep one of these birds as a pet, they would do well to do further research into their needs before even considering bringing one into their homes.

The Pet Trainers And Their Dexterity

The world is real and so are our pets! But many times they seem to be ethereal because of certain traits of theirs like their love for their owners. There may be no alternative for the togetherness of the dog, you will find him to be the best companion to play with and cuddle. But at times, the need arises to make them take care of themselves. Though, you are there as a pet parent to keep in minds every need of theirs. The trained dogs are said to be really smart as they are reinforced with good qualities that shapes up the life of the people around them positively. The same things apply to other pets as well and that is why many people are going to train their pets through the class room training or hiring the pet professionals who are accredited.

For the dogs!



The dog trainers will make your dog excellent in being trained in the tasks such as to make your dog sit, come, stay and leave. These pet training tricks can be also taught by you as the pet parent but if you do not have the time then hire a professional to do that for you. Lets check out all the activities one by one: To make a dog learn the sit command, get a treat and make your dog bend a bit, then tell him to sit. This is said to be the easiest command that your dog can learn from you.

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Hold the leash and hold it a bit lower then gently push the leash and ask him to come, and then treat him lovingly with a treat. Repeat this process a few times to make your dog learn this trick. To make your dog go for a more submissive posture like down, one needs to train the dog hard. You need to copy the position so that your dog follows too. Just hold a treat close to the dog and encourage it to go down while you also make a move to go down the floor. When he moves down, ask him to sit down. In other categories, the trainers are also available but the most pursued ones are the dog trainers who train the dogs with all sorts of activities apart from making them learn the general etiquettes. Get the trick training for your pets You need to make sure that the trainers do not use any foul or unruly language during the pet training with the pets as that will make them very wild. So before hiring good trainers do check out the credentials of these professionals and what kind of attitude they have towards the pets. Training a pet is like educating a child for the rest of its life so it is necessary to be wise in picking a good trainer.

Tips To Train Your Dog And Have A Great Pet.



Dogs are lovable animals. They are playful, obedient, and there for you on any occasion. Dogs make excellent pets as they are wonderful companions for anyone of any age. While dogs are great, they do require a bit of training. The tips in this article should help you with dog training.

Don't expect too much of your dog, too soon. Puppies will be puppies. That is what makes them so cute. The key to training them to act appropriately, is consistency. Be consistent in immediately reinforcing good behavior and eventually, your dog will get the message. Just don't expect them to become fully trained overnight.

Create a bridge between the dog's response to a command and the reward for success. By saying a bridge word such as "yes" or "good", you will reinforce that the behavior is acceptable and the reward will follow. Keep using this bridge word even after training is complete to be consistent with your pet.

Make sure to use your normal tone of voice while training your dog. It is important not to shout, because your pet will begin to expect you to speak in that manner while instructing him. You do not want to fall into the pattern of having to shout commands at your dog to get him to listen.

Training your pet to roll over very easy. Just remember to have treats in hand. You can have your dog sit or roll over. Then, hold the treat over your dog's head and swipe it above and around his head, causing him to roll over. They'll follow your treat with their nose which will cause them to roll over. Be sure to say ROLL OVER as your dog is rolling. Eventually, he will learn to perform the trick upon command. Be patient if they don't get it right away; they'll get it soon enough!

Crate training is a good skill for a dog of any age to have. Teaching your dog to stay in their crate quietly takes time and patience but can be a valuable tool while potty training or a safe place for him to stay while you are away from the house.

You don't want to make your training sessions go on for too long. In the beginning try not to go over fifteen minutes. Even for dogs who are accustomed to training, you don't want to go over about twenty minutes for basic training. If you notice your dog starting to lose interest, stop the session for the day. If you try and push it. you'll get to get irritated and things will go down hill. It's better to quite while you're ahead.

If you use treats for positive reinforcement when training your dog, be sure that you use them sparingly. If the dog receives a treat every time it follows one of your commands, it will learn that treats and obedience go together, not you and obedience. If you stop giving treats at that point, the dog will stop obeying.

If your dog tends to chew on your shoes or other household items, you can stop this behavior by giving the dog a yummy substitute, such as a raw hide bone, to chew. The dog will likely abandon your shoes in favor of the raw hide, as the only reason he or she is chewing your shoes is that he or she is bored and needs something to do.

A great way for your dog to learn new skills (or brush up on some old ones) is to attend classes at your local dog training center. If you are not sure of where to take him, your friends or veterinarian may be able to help you find a place that best suits your needs.

Do not train your dog when you are angry or stressed. Not only will you have less patience, but dogs are incredibly receptive to their owner's moods. By skipping training when you are not at your best, you can be sure when you do train, it will be much more effective.

Dog Obedience Training

Training success means scheduling training every single day consistently. You will teach your dog by being repetitive and doing things on a consistent basis. Also, as you spend more time with your pet, he will begin to trust you more fully and will want to obey. These are qualities that work in making you the pack leader!

Dog Training

When looking to hire a dog trainer, finding someone who uses positive training techniques can be very beneficial. Your dog will respond better to praises, treats, and encouragement than to physical or mental agitation. Negative training methods can be very ineffective and cause harm to the animal as well.

As stated before, dogs are lovable animals due to their playfulness and obedient nature. Dogs are always there for you and make excellent companions. With all the great qualities that dogs have, they will require training. Using the tips from this article, you can train any dog into the perfect companion.

Use These Tips To Make Your Dog Behave



how to train my puppy

Every person who owns a dog wants their dog to be properly trained. The key to knowing how to properly train your dog is education. If you want to have a well-trained dog, you need to educate yourself on the proper dog training techniques. This article contains a number of helpful dog-training tips.

Be sure to feed your dog healthy foods and treats. A poor diet can negatively affect them in various ways. It not only makes your dog unhealthy but can make him misbehave as well. Something as simple as improving their diet can sometimes have a huge impact on how receptive they are to training.

Dogs quickly learn whether or not you really expect them to respond to your commands every time or if they might be able to get away with not obeying on occasion. Don't send false messages! Don't give your dog a command unless you are prepared to follow through and insure your dog obeys that command.

Be aware that you are not going to have a perfectly trained dog overnight. Changing behaviors is a lengthy process that will involve a lot of successes and a lot of setbacks. If you are not training from a puppy, the process can take even longer as your dog will need to both unlearn bad behaviors and learn new ones. Be patient and you'll start to see results.

Always keep fresh water available to your dog when he is being trained using a crate. One way to do this without making a mess is to furnish the crate with a rabbit water bottle. Just attach it to the outside of the crate with the tip sticking inside. Your dog will quickly learn to drink from it.

The rule of thumb with puppies and house training is to remember: what is eaten will pass. To keep your puppies toiletry habits regular, feed him a high quality food 2-3 times a day at the same time each day. If you know when the puppy eats, you will be able to better predict when to take him out. This means fewer accidents!

After your dog training session is completed, finish with a command that you know your dog already can do. This allows your dog's subconscious to remember that it has completed the days training, and can also help your animal to retain the information it has learned from the training session. It also will help maintain the routine.

The best way to crate train an adult dog is to allow the dog to train himself. Put the crate in a quiet room with a comfortable blanket and a favorite toy inside and leave the dog alone in the room with the crate. This way, the dog learns that the crate isn't something to be afraid of.

If you have a dog with separation anxiety, you can train him out of this anxiety by varying your routine. If you act like you're leaving the house, but then don't or store your jacket in the car instead of the closet, you can break the cycle of actions, that get the dog hyped up with anxiety to begin with.

When training your dog to deal with its fear or anxiety related behaviors, go slow. Responding to a fear or anxiety response with aggression only leads to more fear and even mistrust. Take your time and give your dog the opportunity to succeed. He will grow in confidence and reduce fear induced behaviors.

Be mindful of exactly what behavior you are reinforcing, so stand your ground and don't give into your pet's persistence. A dog will generally repeat whatever action has previously earned him a reward. Thus, if you give a dog food so that it will stop begging at the table one night, you're only making the dog more inclined to beg for food again, the next night.

Calling your dog over to you then punishing him will teach him to fear you. Telling him he was bad or did wrong from a few feet away will definitely get your point across and the dog will understand your meaning without feeling threatened by you. Keep in mind the dog wants your approval and that alone will motivate him to do well.

If you have a dog that is not learning, despite training, sometimes bringing in another dog that is already trained, can work wonders. The trained dog can lead by example and will receive all the praise from the people around. Meanwhile, the untrained dog will be watching what the trained dog is doing and learn from this.

When house training your new puppy you need to follow a strict schedule. Get your puppy outside to eliminate first thing in the morning, last thing at night, and every couple of hours in between. This will help him to learn that elimination happens outside. It also prevents pee scents (which are attractive to your dog) from being in the house to begin with.

A great dog training tip is to assume the role of the pack leader. All dogs have a pack mentality. There is typically a pack leader that influences the behavior of the rest of the pack. By acting as the pack leader, your dog will become more obedient.

If your family includes four-legged friends, consider an "invisible fence" pet containment system. These fencing systems place a wire around the perimeter of your property in which you wish to contain your pet. Your dog or cat is then fitted with a small, discrete radio collar. When the animal approaches the perimeter, the collar will emit a warning sound which induces the animal to remain within your yard.

As was mentioned in the beginning of this article, every pet owner wants their dog to be well trained. In order to properly train your dog, you need to research different dog-training techniques and strategies and educate yourself on what does and does not work. Apply the dog- training advice from this article, and you will be well on your way to having an obedient, well-trained dog.

Caring For Blue Parrotlets

Parrotlets are small birds that are well known for their disproportionately large personalities. Contrary to popular belief, they are in fact quite distinct from parakeets, and are more closely related genetically to the larger in size Amazon parrots. They share a compact body shape and stubby, wedge shaped tail with their less petite cousins.

While parrotlets are generally associated with a vivid green coloration, they are also available in a turquoise inflected blue shade. Blue parrotlets offer many of the appealing visual and personality qualities of a larger parrot, with the easier care and more relaxed nature of a smaller bird. You can find both male parrotlets for sale as well as females.

The bulk of a blue parrotlet's diet should largely consist of nutritional pellets. These pellets should be formulated specifically for parrotlets, or can be a more general small parrot and parakeet mix. In addition, fresh fruits and vegetables should be offered as a fun and nutritious supplement. Greens like lettuce and stone fruits like peaches and plums are always good options, as are many other foods (be warned - not all human foods are safe for birds, so always check before feeding something to your parrotlet).

There should always be ample water in the cage, and water supplies should always be clean and freshly filled.

Housing Requirements

Although parrotlets are relatively small parrots, they still require a large cage. They are curious and energetic birds, and should have enough space to stretch their wings in. Toys and perching places are also a must, as parrotlets are curious and like to play.

While it is generally safe to let a parrotlet out of their cage to explore the house, some precautions should be taken. Windows and other transparent dividers should be covered to prevent collisions, and there should be no open water in the household. Larger animals, like dogs and cats, should be kept in a separate room, as all creatures can act unpredictably at times and other animals can easily hurt a parrotlet with their greater strength even if they are being affectionate. Socializing

To keep a parrotlet happy and in good health, it is vital that it get plenty of stimulation and socialization. In the wild, parrotlets are gregarious birds that live in large communities that number in the hundreds. Inadequate communication can cause depression and anxiety in parrotlets, which can lead to self harm and distress.

Spend time every day talking to and playing with your parrotlet. They are bright birds that enjoy human contact, and will reciprocate affection that is given to them. They can, with some patience, be taught to perform a wide array of different tricks. Parrotlets can also learn how to speak and imitate sounds, although their vocabularies are rather limited and may consist of only a few words.

Parrotlets require relatively few special accommodations and are not too noisy, making them the perfect parrot for those who would like to own a parrot but live in an apartment. At the same time, they are an involved pet that requires a considerable commitment from the owner, so take careful consideration of your circumstances before deciding on a parrotlet. If you do, you'll be treated to an affectionate and intelligent companion that can brighten your life on a daily basis.

The Pet Trainers And Their Dexterity

The world is real and so are our pets! But many times they seem to be ethereal because of certain traits of theirs like their love for their owners. There may be no alternative for the togetherness of the dog, you will find him to be the best companion to play with and cuddle. But at times, the need arises to make them take care of themselves. Though, you are there as a pet parent to keep in minds every need of theirs. The trained dogs are said to be really smart as they are reinforced with good qualities that shapes up the life of the people around them positively. The same things apply to other pets as well and that is why many people are going to train their pets through the class room training or hiring the pet professionals who are accredited.

For the dogs!



The dog trainers will make your dog excellent in being trained in the tasks such as to make your dog sit, come, stay and leave. These pet training tricks can be also taught by you as the pet parent but if you do not have the time then hire a professional to do that for you. Lets check out all the activities one by one: To make a dog learn the sit command, get a treat and make your dog bend a bit, then tell him to sit. This is said to be the easiest command that your dog can learn from you.

Hold the leash and hold it a bit lower then gently push the leash and ask him to come, and then treat him lovingly with a treat. Repeat this process a few times to make your dog learn this trick. To make your dog go for a more submissive posture like down, one needs to train the dog hard. You need to copy the position so that your dog follows too. Just hold a treat close to the dog and encourage it to go down while you also make a move to go down the floor. When he moves down, ask him to sit down. In other categories, the trainers are also available but the most pursued ones are the dog trainers who train the dogs with all sorts of activities apart from making them learn the general etiquettes.

heated dog bed for sale

Get the trick training for your pets
You need to make sure that the trainers do not use any foul or unruly language during the pet training with the pets as that will make them very wild. So before hiring good trainers do check out the credentials of these professionals and what kind of attitude they have towards the pets. Training a pet is like educating a child for the rest of its life so it is necessary to be wise in picking a good trainer.

Domestic Fish Keeping

Fish are kept at home in all sorts of ponds and aquariums. Some are even kept in horse troughs, and make shift contemporary designed tanks. The hobby of fish keeping is divided into brackish, saltwater, and freshwater fish keeping, out of which freshwater fish keeping is the preferred. The fish which are popular for fish keeping are angelfish, goldfish and guppies. Various types of fish can be kept together and often fish of the very same types are kept together for reproducing purpose. With breeders, the popular fish species are guppies, mollies, catfish, characin, cichlid, and killifish.

The Japanese and Chinese traditions consisted of fish keeping for food purposes. They were kept in ponds and when visitors used to show up, the fish were moved inside the home in fish bowls. Ancient Egyptians kept fish from Oxyrhynchus in temple swimming pools.

Saltwater or marine fish keeping is more costly and harder. Brackish fish keeping includes both freshwater and saltwater fish keeping, since the salinity of the water is in between that of seawater and freshwater.

Fish keepers which enjoy this hobby also concentrate on the water plants available. Some hardcore aquarists even attempt to grow coral reef with the assistance of living rock, worms, and calcareous rocks with algae growth, sponges, and worms. When the corals begin to grow echinoderms, shrimps, crabs, and molluscs are also added to the fish tanks, which are then called reef tanks.

The aquarium ought to have ecology which is similar to the natural environment of the occupant fish. This is an incredibly uphill struggle. It is essential to preserve the predator victim relationship balance. More than the volume of the water, the surface volume is important. This is because, the more surface volume, the higher the oxygen levels in the water. Air pumps are used to enhance the liquefied oxygen in the water. This is part of the nutrition cycle, which ought to be preserved and managed for the welfare of the fish. Larger fish tanks are more preferable and they make things much easier, for example the event effects are diluted quickly and the systemic shock is taken in well.

The salinity of the water should be inspected regularly depending of the aquaria being kept. For freshwater fish tank, most of the aquarist usage tap water, which is a mistake as it includes chlorine.

Depending upon temperature, the aquarium can be separated to have cold and tropical water. For tropical fish tank, the water should be warm and the temperature level ought to be almost seventy-seven degree Fahrenheit. As for heating requirements, a simple rule of thumb is to allow 25 watts of heater for every 10 degrees of ambient temperature per 10 gallons you need to raise your aquarium temperature. So for example, If your home is 60 degrees and you have a 40 gallon aquarium, to reach a temperature of 80 degrees you would need a 200 watt heater. The Submersible Glass Aquarium Heater at www.jetsu.technology is a new aquarium heater that is reliable and good quality.

For cold water aquarium, the water temperature ought to be less than room temperature. For this function, a refrigeration gadget called chiller can be used.

Plants and specific organisms can be introduced in the fish tank which metabolizes the waste, especially nitrogen. The greater the number of organisms added to the fish tank, the tougher it is to maintain. The requirements of all the water organisms should be thought about. Introducing numerous kinds of types in an aquarium is called biological loading. Two vital elements must be considered that include filtering process and oxygen levels. Aquarists interested in fish breeding must be more careful. First of all, they should not mix lots of kinds of fish together. They ought to also develop unique conditions called generating triggers for correct breeding.

Artificial ponds can be made in the garden. It is very similar to freshwater keeping, except that they can be huge and are of course outside in natural conditions. Tropical fish are a good choice for such garden ponds. However where the temperatures are cold, goldfishes, orfe and koi are excellent choices.

Helpful Organic Gardening Techniques for a Beginner

Organic gardening is not a new method of gardening; it is the traditional way of farming presented in a modern way. The system is dependent on some guiding principles that set a path or goal for the entire system. The central purpose is the growing of healthy foods and in so doing reduce the number of lifestyle and genetic diseases. Organic gardening stands for gardening in agreement with nature; that farmers should plant their crops with very little interference with the soil and when necessary, using natural methods. One of these principles involves the use of chemicals such as pesticides, insecticides, and fertilizers; organic gardeners are advised to use only natural methods. The system also insists on control instead of elimination; for example instead of eliminating all the insects in your garden, consider controlling with use of a wasp trap or use biological methods, then you can invest in a bug hotel to encourage beneficial insects in your garden especially predators and pollinators. The same goes for weed control, that should be all natural using methods such as crop rotation, mulching, and cover crops, any weeds that still occur after that can be used as food for pet animals such as rabbits, luckily there are some great outdoor rabbit hutch plans accessible for building an amazing outdoor hutch.

Organic gardening has some guiding principles for all organic gardening, while some things may differ; the guiding principles and goals are the same.

1. Water in the early morning or late afternoon (not in the heat of the day). Most plants require about 1” of water per week. (Approx. 1hr with sprinkler; check by setting out a can/glass to measure water.)

2. Weed in the later part of the day. When you weed, you expose the soil and thus make it more

susceptible to evaporation. Weeding also eliminates competition for nutrients in the soil. It is easier to weed after a watering, the roots will be loosened.

3. Harvest leafy and fruiting vegetables in the morning. (Lettuce, spinach, cucumbers, etc), they have the most moisture in them at this time. Harvest root crops or winter squashes late in the day. They will store longer because they will have less moisture in them.

4. Properly planning your garden can eliminate many insect and disease problems.

5. Companion plant; Grow vegetables and flowers together as they grow well with each other.

6. Fertilize: Use an all-purpose organic fertilizer when the plants shows signs that they need it: spring before planting; when plant puts on buds; when plant begins to set fruit. Add Compost: Make sure to add compost each time you harvest and plant a new crop.

7. Rotate your crops; follow heavy feeders with heavy givers and then light feeders.

8. Use Natural Insect Control enlisting the aid of nature. Birds eat thousands of insects and weed seeds. Set up a bird feeder or two. Plant flowers & herbs to deter unwanted insects.

• Borage: deters many pests including tomato hornworm.

• Marigolds: deter nematodes, leafhoppers, Mexican bean beetles and other pests.

• Nasturtiums: deter aphids, cabbage looper, squash bug, white fly, cucumber beetles.

• Hand pick unwanted pest if needed and feed to happy chickens!

Sourced from: http://www1.cbn.com/700club/basic-organic-gardening-techniques

9. Cover cropping is another organic technique where crops are planted for the sole purpose of conditioning the soil. Used to promote soil fertility, cover cropping also helps with water drainage and weed control. Buckwheat, fava beans and clover are great cover crops.

Sourced from: http://www.hgtv.com/design/outdoor-design/landscaping-and-hardscaping/organic-gardening-techniques-help-control-pests

10. Double-digging involves loosening the soil to a substantial depth, and amending the top layer. The steps in double-digging (Figure 2) are as follows:

• Spread a layer of compost and other soil amendments on the surface of the area to be dug.

• Using a spade or short-handled shovel, remove a trench of soil approximately one foot deep and one foot wide along the narrow end of the bed.

• Loosen the soil at the bottom of the trench with the shovel or a spading fork. Avoid mixing soil layers as much as possible.

• Dig a one foot by one-foot trench next to your existing one and place the soil removed on top of the loosened soil in your first trench.

• Repeat steps 3 and 4 along the length of the bed.

Sourced from: http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/1000/1257.html

11. Intercropping is the growing of two or more crops together in proximity on the same land. As a result, two or more crops are managed at the same time. It differs from crop rotation in which two or more crops are grown one after the other. There are at least four types of intercropping according to spatial arrangement

• Row intercropping is the growing of two or more crops at the same time with at least one crop planted in rows. In farms grown to perennial crops, annual crops like corn, rice and pineapple are commonly grown as intercrop between the rows of the main crop. This strategy is an efficient way of maximizing the use of farmland by utilizing vacant spaces while at the same time suppressing the growth of weeds during the juvenile stage of the main crop.

• In crop rotation or sequential cropping, two or more crops are grown one after the other in the same piece of land. It is advantageous that the succeeding crop belongs to a family different from that of the previous crop. The period of crop rotation may be for two to three years or longer. Farm income significantly increased by alternating lowland rice with high-value crops like garlic, onion, melons, bell pepper and other vegetables.

• Mixed intercropping or mixed cropping is the growing of two or more crops at the same time with no distinct row arrangement.

• Examples of mixed intercropping of annual crops are the practice of growing corn, bean and squash in Central America and forage sorghum with silage corn in Oregon. In Canada, research showed increased production per land area by growing together soybean and corn for silage in the same rows. The result showed that corn grown at 16,000 seeding rate per acre (equivalent to 67% of the sole corn rate) together with soybean at seeding rate of 135,000 per acre (equivalent to 67% of the sole bean rate) within the same rows gave the highest profit. Fertilizer was applied at the rate of 53 lbs of N per acre.

Sourced from: http://www.cropsreview.com/crop-rotation.html